NTFS Change Auditor – FAQs on Auditing Changes to User Permissions on Your Windows File Servers

  1. What permissions or privileges are required to view NTFS shared folder change information of Windows servers/workstations using NTFS Change Auditor?

    By default, NTFS Change Auditor uses the currently logged on user context to connect to a domain/server. If the currently logged on user does not have sufficient permissions, it uses the alternate domain credential (having domain administrator privileges) for managing all computers in each domain specified in the Domain Credentials Configuration Settings. In this case, NTFS Change Auditor establishes a session with the destination domain/server, using the specified user credential. NTFS Change Auditor requires the currently logged on user or the provided user credential to be member of local administrators group in the configured hosts to read event logs and report NTFS changes.

  2. What are the prerequisites needed to run NTFS Change Auditor?

    To use the NTFS Change Auditor application effectively, ensure the following points:

  3. How can I configure SACL auditing for Folder or a File?

    To Setup SACL auditing for Folder or File, perform the following steps.

  4. How can I track changes to permissions on a Folder or a File?

    After enabling the SACL auditing as mentioned in question 3, you can track the permissions changes by configuring the event ID 4670, folder or file for which you want to track changes in Data Collector Settings.

  5. How can I track ownership changes to Folder or a File?

    After enabling the SACL auditing as mentioned in question 3, you can track ownership changes by configuring the event ID 4670, folder or file for which you want to track changes in Data Collector Settings.

  6. How can I monitor read/write/delete accesses to a folder, file or a share?

    After enabling the SACL auditing as mentioned in question 3, you can monitor read/write/delete actions by configuring the event IDs 4663, 5140 and folder, file or a share for which you want to track changes in Data Collector Settings.

  7. Can I track changes to Shares alone?

    Yes, you can track the changes made to NTFS Shares alone by configuring the Event IDs 5140, 5142, 5143 and 5144 in Data Collector Settings.

  8. Can I keep a complete audit trail of all changes to selected folders and files?

    Yes, you can keep a complete history of change data for the selected folders and files in the application database for several years.

  9. How long can I keep the Change History?

    You can keep that data as long as it is required. NTFS Change Auditor stores several years of change data in database for security, compliance and regulation purposes. You may also clean up some of the history using the Cleanup tool.

  10. Can I get real time alerts on changes to files and folders?

    Yes, you can get real time alerts through emails for any changes made to files and folders.

  11. What happens if there is an event flooding?

    Event flooding may cause some events to get missed out from storing in the application database. This will result in some loss of change data for folders or files while generating the reports. Event flooding may happen due to sudden significant changes across folders and files that are configured for change tracking with SACL auditing settings enabled.

  12. Does the application collect the entire Security event log data every time?

    No, the application collects only the relevant event log records that pertain to the changes detected in the configured hosts.

  13. Why does the ‘NTFS Listener Service’ get restarted by the application automatically?

    ‘NTFS Listener Service’ gets restarted by the application automatically in the following scenarios:

  14. Can I configure the event ID only for Security event log data collection? I don’t want to send an E-mail alert.

    Yes, you can configure event IDs only for Security event log data collection. The application allows you to do this by optionally allowing you to Send E-mail in ‘Event Configuration – Add Event Information’ dialog.

  15. I need to cleanup some part of the Events History database. How do I do it?

    You may use the Cleanup Change History tool in the application to cleanup your database.

  16. Why am I getting empty data in the reports even after enabling auditing and also having ‘Administrators’ group membership?

    This may be due to Windows Firewall setting that disallows reading of event log data from servers and workstations. Ensure that the remote event log read is allowed by the Windows Firewall in target servers and workstations by performing the following steps:

  17. How can I monitor those who have accessed my company’s critical folders and files?

    Enable the SACL auditing as mentioned in question 3. You can monitor who has accessed the critical folders and files by doing the following actions:

    Warning: Enable SACL Auditing for Read attributes only for the critical folders and files. Otherwise auditing this event on a large number of folders, say, on your root folder or other unwanted folders, may cause Event flooding.

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